Differentiation between the lame and neurological horse
Gait abnormality is a non-specific term used to describe any deviation from normal movement, and there are many conditions beyond simple orthopedic pain (lameness) which can alter the way a horse moves. Differentiating between the lame horse and the neurologic horse can be challenging even for experienced clinicians, particularly as some horses will have several issues at once. A methodical approach to both the clinical examination and the use of diagnostic techniques is required to achieve a correct diagnosis and direct treatment appropriately.
Learning objectives are
To recognise there are multiple reasons for gait abnormality in horses
To have some understanding of objective grading of lame and neurological horses
To understand the principles of lameness vs neurological examinations for the investigation of clinical cases
To be familiar with different diagnostic techniques used in the investigation of clinical cases
To have an awareness of specific neurological conditions which may present with gait abnormality