Traumatic brain injury – how to keep your (and your patient’s) head together
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a relatively common presentation to the small animal emergency clinician. The pathophysiology is complex and can be broken down into primary and secondary injury where the therapy of the primary injury must be tailored to prevent or ameliorate secondary injury which is equally life threatening. Neurological assessment of the patient will be covered with a focus on monitoring tools to aid in progression or improvement of neurological signs. The discussion of treatment of TBI will cover both primary and secondary injury as well as current standards in human medicine and novel therapies.
5 Learning objectives
Be able to apply general approach to an emergency patient and apply this to head injury with a focus on emergency neurological evaluation and assessment.
Differentiate between primary and secondary injury and the pathophysiology of these.
General therapy of traumatic brain injury with a focus on primary injury management and secondary injury prevention/minimisation.
Apply neurological assessment and monitoring techniques